For this document of learning I was originally going to ask “Does peaceful formation of government actually benefit a country within the first 50 years of existence. I wanted to look at countries around the world and what caused the peace or conflict when their country was formed and generalize those factors to compare and contrast countries. However, I discovered that there aren’t really any other countries that formed peacefully and furthermore, no is writing about the subject which makes citing sources frankly impossible. Instead, I decided it would be more beneficial to look at how Canada was formed, what were the key components to it’s peaceful formation and then generalize those key components so that they can apply to other countries.
One of the biggest factors contributing to the easy and peaceful formation of Canada was the sense of urgency created by the danger in the south. During this period Americans believed in something called Manifest Destiny. This meant they believed is was their right to take over all of North American. According to the Canadian Encyclopedia, “Manifest Destiny contributed to a growing sense of National Identity, which culminated in the Charlotte Conference of 1864, and political efforts to unify British colonies in North America.” The British Empire was losing both it’s ability to protect it’s colonies in North America and willingness to do so as well. With this in mind, the Canadians realized that they would have to unify as quickly as possible to keep themselves safe from the southern threat. The Canadian Encyclopedia also says, “The Province of Canada delegation was interested in creating a federal union with the Maritimes, mainly because of external threats. The creation of a huge United States army during the American Civil War, combined with Britain’s desire to reduce its financial and military obligations to its colonies in North America, had boosted fears in Canada of American annexation.”
Secondly, while this may not be as important, everyone in the conferences were white men who all understood the threat I previously mentioned. When everyone in a room shares pretty much the same viewpoint, it is easy to agree. This however, is not nearly as important as the first point as a think an urgency created by a threat could easily unite a group of people from a bunch of different races.
In conclusion, the most important factor contributing to the peaceful formation of Canada seems to be the existence of an external threat. In this case, it’s the United States of America and their Manifest Destiny. There was a second factor in the form of everyone being very similar in terms of race and wealth. It probably also helps that there was no country in the place of Canada before it was there. This is a big difference between Europe and the Americas in terms of making a country. Also, the fact that America had already fought a war with Britian made the British less willing to fight for control of Canada. However, this is more of an external factor that I wouldn’t really include.
In conclusion of the conclusion, the biggest different between most other countries and Canada is that Canada had an external threat to create a sense of urgency and that threat never actually came knocking on Canada’s door. This is mainly due to infighting within the United States. To put it simply, danger posed by Manifest Destiny combined with America’s issues dealing with their southern states and Britain’s unwillingness to fight for control of the Canadian colonies ended with the peaceful formation of the country we live in.